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Here's where abortions are now banned or strictly limited, and where they may be soon

Updated August 12, 2022 at 1:43 PM ET

Abortion is now illegal or heavily restricted in at least 14 states following the Supreme Court's historic decision in June to overturn Roe v. Wade. At least 9 other states have laws in place that pave the way to quickly ban or severely restrict access to abortion.

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State laws shown here include those with near-total bans on abortion and states with bans after the detection of fetal cardiac activity, or roughly at six weeks gestational age.

Some of these laws are currently blocked by courts while legal challenges make their way through the courts. Some states have older laws on the books that leave the current legal status of abortion unclear.

Several additional states not depicted here have pre-viability gestational age restrictions, ranging from 15 to 22 weeks. And some states appear likely to pass new laws to completely outlaw abortion.

Here are more details on the current legal status of abortion in U.S. states.

Ban in effect

Alabama — A near-total ban on abortion is in effect. On June 24, a U.S. district court lifted an injunction on the state's 2019 law banning abortion. (Last updated July 23)

Arkansas — A near-total ban on abortion is in effect. On June 24, the state's attorney general implemented a trigger law originally passed in 2019 which bans abortion. (Last updated July 23)

Georgia — A law banning abortions after roughly six weeks is in effect. The 2019 law had been challenged, but a judge ruled in favor of the ban. It took effect July 20. (Last updated Aug. 5)

Kentucky — Kentucky's near-total abortion ban went into effect on June 24, but a judge blocked enforcement of the ban pending a court case. A Kentucky Court of Appeals judge reversed the decision August 2. A six-week ban is now in effect. A lawsuit arguing the ban violates the state constitution continues. (Last updated Aug. 2)

Louisiana — A near-total ban is in effect. On June 24, Louisiana's 2006 trigger ban went into effect. It was blocked by the courts at least twice. A lawsuit challenging the law continues. (Last updated Aug. 6)

Mississippi — The state's near-total ban on abortion was enacted in 2007 and went into effect on July 7. Mississippi's bid to ban abortion after 15 weeks was at the center of the U.S. Supreme Court decision to overturn Roe v. Wade on June 24. (Last updated July 23)

Missouri — A near-total ban on abortion has been in effect since June 24. (Last updated July 23)

Ohio — A ban on abortion at roughly six weeks is in effect. A lawsuit has been filed to overturn the ban. On July 1, Ohio's Supreme Court denied motions to temporarily block the ban. (Last updated July 23)

Oklahoma — A near-total ban on abortion went into effect June 24. On August 25, 2022, another law with stricter penalties is set to take effect. (Last updated July 23)

South Carolina — Abortion is banned at roughly six weeks. A bill to totally ban abortion is under consideration in the South Carolina legislature. (Last updated July 23)

South Dakota — A near-total ban on abortion took effect on June 24. On July 1, the governor also signed a ban on telemedicine abortions. (Last updated July 23)

Tennessee — Abortion is banned at roughly six weeks. In addition, a trigger law almost totally banning abortion is set to take effect in August 25. (Last updated Aug. 6)

Texas — A six-week ban is in effect. In addition a pre-Roe ban is in effect and can be enforced with civil penalties. A 2021 trigger law banning nearly all abortions is set to take effect August 25. (Last updated Aug. 6)

Wisconsin — A near-total ban on abortion is in effect; it's a pre-Roe law from 173 years ago. The state's attorney general has said he does not plan to enforce it, and filed a lawsuit challenging the ban. (Last updated July 23)

Ban pending

Idaho — A near-total ban on abortion passed in 2020 is set to go into effect August 25. A lawsuit to block the ban is in progress. Separately, the U.S. Justice Department filed a lawsuit August 2, arguing that Idaho's ban violates federal law related to Medicare funds. (Last updated Aug. 5)

Indiana — Indiana passed legislation August 5 banning abortion with few exceptions. The ban will take effect September 15. (Last updated Aug. 6)

North Dakota — A near-total ban is planned to take effect August 26 or 27. The North Dakota law is a trigger ban passed in 2007. The state's only abortion clinic has sued, arguing the ban violates the state constitution. (Last updated Aug. 6)

Ban on hold

Iowa — A six-week abortion ban from 2018 was blocked by the courts. On June 28, Iowa's governor asked a district court in Iowa to lift the injunction against the law. Iowa also has a law in effect banning abortion at 22 weeks or later. (Last updated July 23)

Utah — A near-total ban is blocked by the courts and abortion is currently legal, with restrictions. A law banning abortion after 18 weeks is in effect. (Last updated July 23)

West Virginia — A judge has blocked enforcement of an abortion ban from 1849. A law banning abortion after 20 weeks is in effect. (Last updated July 23)

Wyoming — A near-total ban abortion is currently delayed by court order. Six plaintiffs have sued, arguing the ban violates the state constitution. (Last updated Aug. 11)

Ban status unclear

Arizona — Abortion is legal, but restricted. A recently-passed 15-week ban will take effect in September. A near-total abortion ban from 1901 is still on the books and Arizona's attorney general filed a motion to lift an injunction against enforcing it. (Last updated July 23)

Michigan — Abortion is currently legal, however a pre-Roe, near-total ban on abortion from 1931 is still on the books. On May 17, a judge blocked enforcement of the ban. On Aug. 1, the Michigan Court of Appeals ruled the injunction does not apply to county prosecutors, and then a county judge blocked enforcement again. A constitutional amendment affirming a right to "reproductive freedom" may appear on ballots in Michigan this fall. (Last updated Aug. 5)

States protecting abortion

Sixteen states and the District of Columbia currently have laws that explicitly protect the right to abortion, mostly before the point of fetal viability, according to the nonpartisan Kaiser Family Foundation.

Note: This map and story relies on research from the Center for Reproductive Rights, the Guttmacher Institute, and news reports from the Associated Press and local news outlets.

Copyright 2022 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

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Sarah Knight
Sarah Knight is a researcher and taxonomist with the Research, Archives & Data Strategy (RAD) Department.
Kristin Espeland Gourlay joined Rhode Island Public Radio in July 2012. Before arriving in Providence, Gourlay covered the environment for WFPL Louisville, KY’s NPR station. And prior to that, she was a reporter and host for Wyoming Public Radio. Gourlay earned her MS from Columbia University’s Graduate School of Journalism and her BA in anthropology from Lewis & Clark College in Portland, OR.
Haidee Chu
Katie Daugert