© 2022 WYPR
20th Anniversary Background
WYPR 88.1 FM Baltimore WYPF 88.1 FM Frederick WYPO 106.9 FM Ocean City
Play Live Radio
Next Up:
0:00
0:00
Available On Air Stations

Here's where abortions are now banned or severely restricted

Updated September 26, 2022 at 4:02 PM ET

Abortion is now illegal or heavily restricted in at least 15 states following the Supreme Court's historic decision in June to overturn Roe v. Wade. At least eight other states have laws in place that pave the way to ban or severely restrict access to abortion.

Loading...

State laws shown here include those with near-total bans on abortion as well as states with bans after the detection of fetal cardiac activity, or roughly at six weeks gestational age.

Some of these laws are currently blocked by courts while legal challenges make their way through the courts. Some states have older laws on the books that leave the current legal status of abortion unclear.

Several additional states not depicted here have pre-viability gestational age restrictions, ranging from 15 to 22 weeks. And some states appear likely to pass new laws to completely outlaw abortion.

Here are more details on the current legal status of abortion in U.S. states.

Ban in effect

Arizona — A near-total ban is in effect as of Sept. 23, after a judge lifted an injunction on a 1901 abortion ban. A separate ban on abortion after 15 weeks of pregnancy went into effect on Sept. 24. It is unclear which of the two laws will take precedence. (Last updated Sept. 26)

Alabama — A near-total ban on abortion is in effect. On June 24, a U.S. district court lifted an injunction on the state's 2019 law banning abortion. (Last updated July 23)

Arkansas — A near-total ban on abortion is in effect. On June 24, the state's attorney general implemented a trigger law originally passed in 2019 which bans abortion. (Last updated July 23)

Georgia — A law banning abortions after roughly six weeks is in effect. The 2019 law had been challenged, but a judge ruled in favor of the ban. It took effect July 20. (Last updated Aug. 5)

Idaho — A near-total ban on abortions passed in 2020 is in effect, with some exceptions. Lawsuits at the state and federal level challenging the ban are in progress. (Last updated Aug. 25)

Kentucky — Kentucky's near-total abortion ban went into effect on June 24. An additional state law bans abortions after six weeks of pregnancy. Both bans were blocked by the courts June 30, then reinstated Aug. 1. A lawsuit arguing the bans violate the state constitution continues. A state constitutional amendment regarding abortion will be on the ballot in November. (Last updated Aug. 19)

Louisiana — A near-total ban is in effect. On June 24, Louisiana's 2006 trigger ban went into effect. It was blocked by the courts at least twice. A lawsuit challenging the law continues. On Aug. 12, the Louisiana Supreme Court rejected an appeal filed by plaintiffs in the case, allowing the state's ban to remain in effect. (Last updated Aug. 6)

Mississippi — The state's near-total ban on abortion was enacted in 2007 and went into effect on July 7. Mississippi's bid to ban abortion after 15 weeks was at the center of the U.S. Supreme Court decision to overturn Roe v. Wade on June 24. (Last updated July 23)

Missouri — A near-total ban on abortion has been in effect since June 24. (Last updated July 23)

Oklahoma — A near-total ban on abortion went into effect June 24. A law that went into effect on Aug. 25 makes performing an abortion a felony. (Last updated August 25)

South Dakota — A near-total ban on abortion took effect on June 24. On July 1, the governor also signed a ban on telemedicine abortions. (Last updated July 23)

Tennessee — A near-total ban on abortion took effect Aug. 25. (Last updated Aug. 25)

Texas — A near-total ban on abortion passed in 2021 went into effect Aug. 25. The trigger law also increases the civil and criminal penalties for performing abortions. (Last updated Aug. 25)

West Virginia — West Virginia passed legislation on Sept. 13 banning abortion with few exceptions. The ban took effect Sept. 16, after Gov. Jim Justice signed it into law. (Last updated Sept. 16)

Wisconsin — A pre-Roe abortion ban from 173 years ago is under dispute. The state's attorney general has said he does not plan to enforce it, and filed a lawsuit challenging the ban. Abortion care is largely unavailable. (Last updated August 26)

Ban on hold

Indiana — Indiana passed legislation Aug. 5 banning abortion with few exceptions. The ban took effect Sept. 15, but a judge blocked it Sept. 22. A lawsuit arguing the new law violates the state constitution was filed Aug. 30. Another lawsuit was filed Sept. 8 arguing the law violates Indiana's Religious Freedom Restoration Act. (Last updated Sept. 22)

Iowa — A six-week abortion ban from 2018 was blocked by the courts. Iowa's governor has asked the state courts to lift the injunction against the law. Iowa also has a law in effect banning abortion at 22 weeks or later. (Last updated Aug. 12)

Michigan — Abortion is currently legal. A pre-Roe, near-total ban on abortion from 1931 is still on the books. On Sept. 7, a Michigan judge ruled that ban violates the state constitution. A constitutional amendment affirming a right to "reproductive freedom" will appear on ballots in Michigan this fall. (Last updated Sept. 15)

North Dakota — A near-total ban was planned to take effect Aug. 26, but a judge blocked it pending litigation. The law is a trigger ban passed in 2007. The state's only abortion clinic has sued, arguing the ban violates the state constitution. (Last updated Aug. 26)

Ohio — A ban on abortion at roughly six weeks was temporarily blocked by a judge Sept. 14. A lawsuit filed by the Ohio ACLU and reproductive health clinics to permanently overturn the ban continues. (Last updated Sept. 15)

South Carolina — On Aug. 17, the South Carolina Supreme Court temporarily blocked the state's ban on abortion after six weeks of pregnancy, which had taken effect in June. A bill to totally ban abortion is under consideration in the South Carolina legislature. (Last updated August 18)

Utah — A near-total ban is blocked by the courts and abortion is currently legal, with restrictions. A law banning abortion after 18 weeks is in effect. (Last updated July 23)

Wyoming — A near-total ban abortion is currently delayed by court order. Six plaintiffs have sued, arguing the ban violates the state constitution. (Last updated Aug. 11)

States protecting abortion

Sixteen states and the District of Columbia currently have laws that explicitly protect the right to abortion, mostly before the point of fetal viability, according to the nonpartisan Kaiser Family Foundation.

Note: This map and story relies on research from the Center for Reproductive Rights, the Guttmacher Institute, and news reports from the Associated Press and local news outlets.

Copyright 2022 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

Tags
Sarah Knight
Sarah Knight is a researcher and taxonomist with the Research, Archives & Data Strategy (RAD) Department.
Kristin Espeland Gourlay joined Rhode Island Public Radio in July 2012. Before arriving in Providence, Gourlay covered the environment for WFPL Louisville, KY’s NPR station. And prior to that, she was a reporter and host for Wyoming Public Radio. Gourlay earned her MS from Columbia University’s Graduate School of Journalism and her BA in anthropology from Lewis & Clark College in Portland, OR.
Haidee Chu
Katie Daugert