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Making Pasta Noodles

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Timothy Vollmer/flickr
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Audio coming soon. 

Ever since Al bought a pasta making machine, he loves trotting it out every now and then and whipping up a few yards of fresh pasta. Good enough. But when he compared his little strips of fettuccine with some of the complicated shapes he sees at the store, he got the feeling that he could be doing better. In this episode of Radio Kitchen, Chef Jerry Pellegrino, a great fan of home-made pasta, tells us how we all can have more fun with it.

One piece of equipment Jerry loves is a gnocchi board, an inexpensive little grooved paddle that adds texture to the little logs of gnocchi.  The technique is easy.  Work the pasta dough into a long skinny rope.  For gnocchi, cut off 3/4" logs of 1/2" thick ropes.  Run the nugget lengthwise over the gnocchi board, and it will be imprinted with sauce catching grooves. 

For maloreddus, roll an even skinnier "snake" of pasta, and holding the knife at a slant, cut off little 1/2" nuggets.  Run the flattened nuggets over the gnocchi board with your thumb and they roll up into a little tiny baguette shape with grooves.

Ricotta Cavatelli

Ingredients

3 ½ cups all-purpose flour

1 pound ricotta cheese, drained of excess liquid

2 large eggs, lightly beaten

½ teaspoon salt

Put 2 ½ cups of the flour into a bowl, make a well in the flour, and add the cheese, eggs and salt. Gradually work the mixture together, adding more flour if necessary, to make a soft but not sticky dough. On a lightly floured surface, knead the dough until it is smooth. Let the dough rest at room temperature, covered with an inverted bowl or wrapped in plastic, for 30 minutes.  Form the dough into a round and cut into quarters. Working with one quarter at a time (cover the remaining dough with an inverted bowl to keep the dough from drying out), on a lightly floured surface, roll the dough into a rope ¼ inch in diameter. With a knife, cut the rope into ½ inch pieces. With your index and third fingers held together, gently press down on each piece, beginning at the top and moving down toward the bottom, dragging your fingers toward you and causing the pasta to roll over on itself. Transfer the formed pasta to a lightly floured jelly-roll pan and let dry at room temperature for at least 30 minutes.

Potato Gnocchi

Ingredients

2 large russet potatoes

2 cups all-purpose flour

1 egg

Bring a large pot of salted water to a boil. Peel potatoes and add to pot. Cook until tender but still firm, about 15 minutes. Drain, cool and mash with a fork or potato masher.

Combine 1 cup mashed potato, flour and egg in a large bowl. Knead until dough forms a ball. Shape small portions of the dough into long "snakes". On a floured surface, cut snakes into half-inch pieces.  Roll them as explained above.

Bring a large pot of lightly salted water to a boil. Drop in gnocchi and cook for 3 to 5 minutes or until gnocchi have risen to the top; drain and serve.

Basic Pasta Recipe – this recipe works well for mechanized pasta extruders when you’re making any of the longer shapes; bucatini, spaghetti, etc. We don’t use it for any of the short tubular pastas.

Ingredients

2 cups all-purpose flour

1 cup semolina flour (or 3 cups all-purpose flour total)

½ teaspoon fine grind sea salt

4 eggs

Mix the dry ingredients in a large bowl.

Add the eggs and mix until the dough has been formed.

Turn the dough out onto a floured work surface and knead for approximately 5 minutes.

Cover the dough with a damp cloth and allow to rest for 30 minutes.

Roll the dough and cut it according to the pasta maker’s directions.

For herb scented pasta: purée 3 tablespoons of your favorite fresh herbs with the olive oil.

For Porcini Mushroom flavored pasta: remove three tablespoons of floor and add 3 tablespoons of porcini powder.

Extrusion pasta basic recipe – this works great in all types of extruders and for every shape.

Ingredients

Basic Ratio - 1kg dry : 330ml wet : 10gr fine sea salt

The salt is for the chemical reaction only, not seasoning and we never us kosher salt to make this pasta because it’s loaded with anti-caking chemicals.

Dry should only be semolina or 70% semolina 30% “00”flour (we’ve used AP flour and it works just fine) But, never less than 70% semolina.

Wet can be eggs, puréed veggies, squid ink, water, etc. – we like to use 1 or 2 large eggs with the balance being made up with water. No reason to put oil in extrusion dough. Ever.

Sardinian Pasta Recipe

500g semolina flour (plus some all-purpose flour for dusting)

half a teaspoon Fine salt

Place the flour in a large bowl. Make a well in the center. Pour in 300ml warm water and sprinkle over the salt. Using the handle of a wooden spoon, gradually mix the flour into the liquid and stir well to combine. Once the texture is crumbly, like breadcrumbs, turn out the mixture onto a well-floured work surface.

Use your hands to bring the dough together and knead for 2 minutes. You want to create a pliable dough. If it becomes too soft, add a little more flour.

Divide the dough into 6 pieces and roll each piece beneath the palms of your hands to make several long ‘ropes’, each about the thickness of your little finger. Use a sharp knife to cut across to make 1cm pieces. Dust with a little flour.

Place a piece of dough on the very fine side of a grater and press against it using your thumb to flatten slightly so that the imprint makes little nodules on one side of the shells.

Place the prepared shells in a single layer on a floured tray until you are ready to cook them.

Cook the gnocchetti in a large pan of boiling, salted water for about 2 minutes or until they float to the surface. Drain thoroughly and serve with a sauce of your choice.

Mushroom Ragout

Ingredients

2 lbs. mushrooms, chopped

1 large yellow onion, cut into ¼ inch dice

6 cloves garlic, sliced

4 cups canned tomatoes

2 Tablespoons fresh oregano, chopped

¼ cup olive oil

Salt & freshly ground black pepper

In a large sauce pot set over medium high heat, warm the oil until just smoking and add the onion. Cook until translucent, about 5 minutes and add the garlic. Cook another 2 minutes and add the mushrooms. Cook the mushrooms, with occasional stirring until they have released all their water and the have started to brown on the edges. Add the oregano, cook for one minute then add the tomatoes. Allow the sauce to come to a boil then reduce the heat. Simmer the sauce, with occasional stirring until it has thickened. Serve over your favorite pasta.

Garlic Cream Sauce

Ingredients

2 cups peeled garlic cloves

2 Tablespoons extra virgin olive oil

1 cup fresh basil leaves, roughly chopped

1 Tablespoon flour

1 Tablespoon butter

4 cups whole milk

In a mixing bowl toss the garlic cloves in the olive oil. Wrap the garlic cloves in aluminum foil and roast in a 325°F oven for 20 minutes or until soft and golden brown. After the garlic has cooled, place the roasted cloves and the basil in a food processor fitted with the chopping blade. Purée the garlic and basil into a paste. In a sauce pot set over medium heat, melt the butter until it starts to foam. Add the flour, and with a whisk, stir until smooth. Cook the ‘roux’ for about 5 minutes. Gradually add the milk, with constant stirring until it has all been added and the sauce has started to thicken. Whisk in the garlic/basil paste and bring to a boil. Season with salt and pepper and serve over pasta.

Sausage & Spinach

Ingredients

1 lb. spicy sausage, chopped

1 lb. baby spinach

1 large yellow onion, cut into ¼ inch dice

6 cloves garlic, sliced

¼ cup olive oil

Salt & crushed red pepper flakes

In a large sauce pot set over medium high heat, warm the oil until just smoking and add the onion. Cook until translucent, about 5 minutes and add the garlic. Cook another 2 minutes and add the sausage. Cook the sausage until done. Add cooked pasta and the spinach and toss just to wilt the spinach. Season with salt and crushed red pepper flakes and serve with grated cheese over top.