A Minimalist 'Menagerie' That Packs Plenty Of Power
The seventh Broadway production of Tennessee Williams' great American play The Glass Menagerie has just opened at the Booth Theatre in New York City for a 17-week run.
John Tiffany, who previously staged the Tony-winning smash Once and the stirringly kinetic Iraq War drama Black Watch, directed the new production, whose cast includes the formidable actress Cherry Jones as the suffocating matriarch Amanda, plus film, TV and stage star Zachary Quinto as her son Tom and Celia Keenan-Bolger, a Tony nominee for Peter and the Starcatcher, as her physically disabled and emotionally damaged daughter, Laura.
The same cast had a tryout run last spring at the American Repertory Theatre in Boston, where they earned rave reviews. Barbara Chai of The Wall Street Journal has already seen the show — and toured the set, a minimalist rendering of a St. Louis apartment living room, circa 1937. Chai tells NPR's Scott Simon that it's pretty squarely in the spirit of what Williams would've wanted to see.
On what makes this production stand out
Many directors have opted for a naturalistic set — in other words, apartments with ceilings and walls, full floors. But John Tiffany, I think, really [believes in] Tennessee Williams' original idea of "plastic theater," in which the truth can be represented by changing forms and with expression, and not necessarily a photographic likeness.
And so in John Tiffany's set, it's stripped down bare. It's minimalist. There are three hexagonal wooden platforms that represent the rooms in this apartment. And to give the idea of being in the past, he has the platforms literally floating on black liquid, so that you get the idea that this family is marooned in the past.
I think it only adds to the lines. Certainly at the beginning we have Tom's introduction where he says, "I'm the opposite of a stage magician providing truth in the pleasant disguise of illusion." And then it's as if he's tripping backward, and he takes us into his memory. And as he walks through the hexagonal rooms, he's actually lit a different color. He's lit bluish-white, as if he's a ghost, whereas Amanda and Laura are lit in [candlelight], sort of evocative of memories.
On Cherry Jones, playing the matriarch Amanda
She seems perfect. ... John Tiffany had lunch with Cherry when they were at the ART, the American Repertory Theater, in Cambridge. Cherry Jones, who's from Tennessee, had just returned from cleaning her parents attic, and she was, you know, in the accent. And as we know, Amanda Wingfield in the play is a faded Southern belle. And so John had the idea immediately, "Well, why don't we do The Glass Menagerie and cast Cherry as Amanda." And from there he cast Zachary Quinto and Celia Keenan-Bolger.
On the interpretation of Tom, the play's narrator, as gay
It isn't ever explicitly described in the play. He just says, "I go out late at night, and I'm at the movies." And Amanda, his mother, of course, when she's on his back and saying, "Why are you going out every night? Where are you going? Why do you come stumbling home at 2 a.m. with drink on your breath?" — there's the implication that she knows he's up to something that she doesn't consider clean and proper.
When I spoke with the director John Tiffany, who is himself openly gay, he said that he's certain, in that part of the play, that she's referring to his sexuality.
On how Menagerie has held up over the years
It's like that Emily Dickinson quote, "Tell the truth, but tell it slant." I think that is originally what Tennessee Williams was getting at with the idea of plastic theater — that it does not have to be a literal expression of the truth. You can come at it from an angle.
What's beautiful here is that John Tiffany, I think, takes that literally and created this abstract set with Bob Crowley. ... John is English, and Bob Crowley, the set designer, is Irish. And John said to me, "You know, doing Tennessee Williams in America is like an American stage director doing Shakespeare in the U.K."
And this season ... we have Pinter, we have Beckett, there are revivals of Shakespeare — but Tennessee Williams is the only American playwright being revived on Broadway in the fall.
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