'An Irony': Shutdown Fight Over Border Security Takes Toll On Immigration Enforcement | WYPR

'An Irony': Shutdown Fight Over Border Security Takes Toll On Immigration Enforcement

Jan 3, 2019
Originally published on January 4, 2019 3:54 pm

Updated 3:55 pm E.T. Friday

The government shutdown began with the president's demand for border security money. But it has also halted E-Verify, a federal program that's supposed to prevent immigrants from working here illegally.

If U.S. employers want to check whether their prospective hires are eligible to work, they can't. The E-Verify database is "currently unavailable due to a lapse in government appropriations," according to a note on the government-run website.

"There's an irony there," says Julie Pace, an attorney specializing in employment and immigration law at Cavanagh Law Firm in Phoenix. "We have an electronic wall for E-Verify that should be being used, that the government has not funded."

There's an irony there. - Julie Pace

The E-Verify outage is just one way the government shutdown is taking a toll on the U.S. immigration system.

President Trump has demanded $5 billion for a border wall, leading to a budget impasse and a partial government shutdown that has affected some Department of Homeland Security operations.

Border Patrol agents at the Southwest border are working, but they won't get paid until the shutdown ends. So are tens of thousands of other immigration agents in DHS.

A Border Patrol agent arrests a group of Central American migrants after crossing the U.S.-Mexico border fence from Tijuana to San Diego County late last year.
Guillermo Arias / AFP/Getty Images

"They are angry, they are scared," said Tony Reardon, the head of the National Treasury Employees Union, which represents about 30,000 Customs and Border Protection officers.

"They are doing the work of this country, not knowing whether they are going to be able to put food on the table," Reardon said. "The morale is as low as I have ever seen it."

Much of the nation's immigration court system is closed, adding to a backlog of more than 800,000 cases and counting.

"We've never been in a situation that is so dire with regard to the backlog of immigration cases nationwide," immigration Judge Dana Leigh Marks told NPR's All Things Considered. Marks is former president of the National Association of Immigration Judges and one of many judges who have been furloughed during the shutdown.

"When we have to shut down, those cases are delayed, sometimes for years, before we have space on our dockets to be able to reschedule them," said Marks.

Some immigration judge are working without pay, but they're only hearing cases where the immigrant is in detention.

"People are totally confused about what to do about showing up or not showing up," said Heena Arora, an immigration lawyer in Queens, New York.

Arora says some of her clients waited for years for hearings in the backlogged immigration courts. But when their day came, the hearings weren't held because of the shutdown.

"We don't know when it's going to be rescheduled for. It could be rescheduled for next month. It could be rescheduled for next year or even a couple of years later. So we have no idea," Arora said. "It sucks. It sucks for them, and it sucks for me. Because I have no work this week."

Employers across the country are also grappling with uncertainty about the E-Verify system.

"At first, people thought it was a day or two or three. Now we're into two weeks," said Julie Pace, the lawyer in Phoenix. Employers can get in big trouble for knowingly hiring undocumented workers. And Arizona is one of several states where they are required to use E-Verify. The longer the shutdown lasts, Pace says, the more she is fielding panicked calls and emails from employers.

"Now the calls are, we've gotta on board these people. So we're just gonna move forward," Pace said. "Can we do that?"

Some employers will probably go ahead and hire people anyway, Pace says. Others will wait until the shutdown is over. And some may even speed up hiring to get people through the process while E-Verify is down.

Officials at U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, the agency that operates E-Verify, say that the "three-day rule" for creating new E-Verify cases is suspended while the system is down.

"USCIS has taken a number of steps to minimize the burden on both employees and employers, who can continue to hire, and we look forward to program services once again being fully functioning to the benefit of all Americans," said USCIS Spokesman Michael Bars in a statement.

"Those forcing a government shutdown in order to protest border security only hurt the interests of the people they're supposed to put first," Bars added.

Despite the E-Verify outage and other issues, immigration hard-liners think it would be a mistake for the president to back down from his demands for a border wall now.

"There's a bigger point that both the president and the Democrats are trying to make," said Mark Krikorian, executive director of the Center for Immigration Studies, which favors lower levels of immigration.

Krikorian is a big fan of E-Verify. He'd like the program to be mandatory all over the country. But if it has to be shut down for a few weeks to make a point, Krikorian says, so be it.

"It's unfortunate," Krikorian said. "But it's just part of the larger problem of having this kind of game of chicken over policy questions."

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

MARY LOUISE KELLY, HOST:

The government shutdown began with the president's demand for more border security money. Ironically, the shutdown is now taking a growing toll on immigration enforcement. One casualty - E-Verify. That's a federal program that's supposed to prevent immigrants from working illegally. NPR's Joel Rose reports.

JOEL ROSE, BYLINE: Say you're an employer, and you want to be sure that new employee you want to hire is eligible to work in the U.S. Right now, you are out of luck. The government-run system is down. The website warns that E-Verify is, quote, "currently unavailable due to a lapse in government appropriations."

JULIE PACE: At first, people thought it was a day or two or three. Now we're into two weeks.

ROSE: Julie Pace is an attorney specializing in employment and immigration law in Phoenix. Employers can get in big trouble for knowingly hiring undocumented workers. And Arizona is one of several states where they are required to use E-Verify. The longer the shutdown lasts, the more Pace is fielding panicked calls and emails from employers.

PACE: So now the calls are, we've got to onboard these people, so we're just going to move forward; can we do that?

ROSE: Pace says some employers will probably go ahead and hire people anyway. Others will wait until the shutdown is over. And some may even speed up hiring to get people through the process while E-Verify is down.

PACE: It is an irony that the government shutdown is over the wall when we have an electronic wall for E-Verify that should be being used that the government has not funded.

ROSE: The E-Verify outage is just one way the government shutdown - now in its 13th day - is taking a toll on the U.S. immigration system. Border Patrol agents are working, but they won't get paid until the shutdown ends. So are tens of thousands of other immigration agents in the Department of Homeland Security. Tony Reardon is the head of the National Treasury Employees Union, which represents about 30,000 Customs and Border Protection officers.

TONY REARDON: They are angry. They are scared. They are doing the work of this country not knowing whether they're going to be able to put food on the table. The morale is as low as I have ever seen it.

ROSE: Thousands of workers, who are considered nonessential, have been furloughed. That means many immigration courts are closed. Some immigration judges are working without pay. But they're only hearing cases where the immigrant is in detention. Heena Arora is an immigration lawyer in Queens, N.Y.

HEENA ARORA: People are totally confused about what to do, about showing up or not showing up.

ROSE: Arora says some of her clients waited years for hearings in the backlogged immigration courts. But when their day came, the hearings weren't held because of the shutdown.

ARORA: And we don't know when it's going to be rescheduled for. It could be rescheduled for next month. It could be rescheduled for next year or even a couple of years later. So we have no idea. It sucks. It sucks for them, and it sucks for me also because, like, you know, I have no work this week.

ROSE: Still, immigration hard-liners think the president should not back down from his demand for a border wall now. Mark Krikorian is the executive director of the Center for Immigration Studies, which favors lower levels of immigration. He's also a big fan of E-Verify. He would like the program to be mandatory all over the country. But if it has to be shut down for a few weeks to make a point, Krikorian says so be it.

MARK KRIKORIAN: It's unfortunate, but it's just part of the larger problem of playing chicken over parts of the government when there are disputes like this over policy.

ROSE: The White House is supposed to meet with congressional Democrats again tomorrow. But Krikorian and other observers don't see an end to the stalemate anytime soon. Joel Rose, NPR News.

(SOUNDBITE OF EARL HOOKER'S "BLUE GUITAR") Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.